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For example, if you’re paid $15 per hour and work 40 hours per week, your weekly gross pay is $600. Multiplying this amount by 52 shows an annual gross income of $31,200.


Income can come from many other places outside of traditional W-2 wages. So, you want to factor those additional sources of income in your gross income calculation. Gross income is the sum of all forms of income you receive before paying taxes and deductions. Gross income differs from net income, which is the amount of income you have left after paying taxes and deductions. Your gross income affects your ability to borrow and get credit, and it influences how much you pay in taxes. While your gross income is higher than your net income, you should understand how both affect your taxes and budget. Your gross income helps determine your AGI and taxes, while your net income can help you create your monthly budget.

Gross Income in a Nutshell

The source of income from property is based on the location where the property is used. For a firm, gross income is the difference between revenue and the cost of making a product or providing a service, before deducting overheads, payroll, taxation, and interest payments. Gross margin is often used interchangeably with gross profit, but the terms are different. When speaking about a monetary amount, it is technically correct to use the term gross profit; when referring to a percentage or ratio, it is correct to use gross margin. In other words, gross margin is a percentage value, while gross profit is a monetary value.

Loan approval is usually contingent on your gross income exceeding a certain amount. Your gross income will also help in budgeting and in determining how much you’ll have available to save for retirement. Gross income is your total compensation before taxes or other deductions.

Need to know more about adjusted gross income?

Finances Spruce A mobile banking app for people who want to make the most of their refund. If you have questions about your specific tax situation, please consult a CPA or tax adviser.

What does gross income mean?

Gross income includes your wages, dividends, capital gains, business income, retirement distributions as well as other income. Adjustments to Income include such items as Educator expenses, Student loan interest, Alimony payments or contributions to a retirement account.

That makes a business’ net income equal to profit, or net earnings. For employees/contractors, monthly gross income is the total money they receive in a month, before any taxes or deductions are taken out. Monthly gross income also includes other sources of income for the month beyond wages or salary, like interests in a business, investment income, or pension and retirement income. There’s also gross profit margin, which is more correctly defined as a percentage and is used as a profitability metric. The gross income for a company reveals how much money it has made on its products or services after subtracting the direct costs to make the product or provide the service.

How We Make Money

Overtime rates must also be accounted for, if applicable. Without discerning between net and gross, managers have no way of knowing whether their path to increased profitability involves increasing sales or cutting costs. The gross income of an individual is often a figure required by lenders when deciding whether or not to advance credit to an individual.

Is net income before or after taxes?

Business net income is what’s left after a company pays all of its expenses, including taxes. For an individual, net income usually is thought of as take-home pay after retirement contributions and withholding for taxes.

For example, if you work 35 hours a week and have a $25 hourly rate, your gross weekly pay would be $875. If you work 50 weeks out of the year, your gross annual income would be $43,750. This will depend on how you’re paid and whether you receive an annual salary or hourly pay. A salaried employee will be paid a fixed amount, usually divided over 12 months.

A guide to calculating gross income

Thus, the two calculations are based on different sets of information, and are used in different types of analyses. If you want to learn more, you can read even more about adjusted gross income or check out a few money management tips that might help you improve your finances. Knowing your gross income can help you determine if you can get an affordable car loan or mortgage.


Manage labor costs and compliance with easy time & attendance tools. For advanced capabilities, workforce management adds optimized scheduling, labor forecasting/budgeting, attendance policy, leave case management and more. Dock David Treece is a contributor who has written extensively about business finance, including SBA loans and alternative lending. He previously worked as a financial advisor and registered investment advisor, as well as served on the FINRA Small Firm Advisory Board. He previously held FINRA Series 7, 24, 27, and 66 licenses.

Adjusted Gross Income

Employers withhold state and income taxes, Medicare and Social Security taxes from your paycheck before you receive it. For business owners, self-employed and independent contractors/freelancers, payment is received as gross income and it is their responsibility to pay their share of taxes. A business’s gross income is calculated as gross revenue minus the cost of goods sold and may be referred to as gross margin or gross profit margin as a percentage. After subtracting above-the-line tax deductions, the result is adjusted gross income . Gross pay is the amount of money an employee receives from a company before any deductions—such as health insurance, taxes, or student loan payments—are taken out. When a job is advertised, the salary offered is usually listed as the gross pay. This is also sometimes known as your base salary, and excludes any short or long-term incentives or benefits.

  • But generally, gross income can be found by subtracting the cost of goods sold and returns and allowances from gross receipts.
  • Gross pay is also usually referenced on federal and state income tax brackets.
  • Keep track of your business’s income and expenses by using Patriot’s small business accounting software.
  • Gross income reveals how much money a business has made on products/services after subtracting the direct costs in manufacturing the product or providing the service.
  • For example, New Jersey requires that wages include contributions to 401 plans that are excluded for Federal purposes.

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